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‘Kia Ora.’ How far has Aotearoa NZ advanced since 1984?
Saturday 19 March 9.30am - 10.30am
Dame Rangimarie Naida Glavish DNZM JP
In 1984 as a toll operator, I challenged the then Post-Office Government Agency, when I continued to use the greeting ‘Kia ora’ across Aotearoa NZ when taking calls. In the face of dismissal and heightened publicity, I won the right to continue answering calls in Māori and have continued to campaign for the rights of my people and te reo Māori. In 2022 I ask the question how far have we (really) come? And discuss what are the challenges that Māori continue to battle in Aotearoa NZ.
Ka whawhai tonu mātau: mobilising for racial justice
Saturday 19 March 11am - 12pm
Mereana has been on the front line of the tino rangatiratanga movement for decades. She is a master strategist, grandmother, singer, chef, gardener and dedicated and effective decolonisation trainer. She relentless walks the talk; always with a clear focus on the kaupapa of racial justice whether it be the fight to retain whenua or efforts to prevent and heal from the intergenerational impacts of violence. She is a holder of history and remains committed to what Ranginui Walker called “ka whawhai tonu mātou” the struggle without end. Join Mereana in a unique story-telling and visioning session.
Constitutional transformation and the work of Matike Mai Aotearoa
Saturday 19 March 1pm - 2pm
Professor Margaret Mutu
Matike Mai Aotearoa – the independent working group on constitutional transformation – was established in 2010 by National Iwi Chairs Forum. Its job was to develop and implement a model for an inclusive constitution for Aotearoa based on tikanga and kawa, He Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nū Tīreni of 1835, Te Tiriti o Waitangi of 1840, and other indigenous human rights instruments which enjoy a wide degree of international recognition. The group was convened by Dr Moana Jackson, chaired by Professor Margaret Mutu and conducted more than 340 hui around the country, including 70 hui conducted by the Matike Mai Aotearoa rangatahi group, before producing its report in 2016. The presentation will provide an overview of the work of Matike Mai Aotearoa and the discussion its report has generated in both Māori and non-Māori, including Pākehā, communities, and internationally.
Revisiting Māori sovereignty
Saturday 19 March 2.30pm - 3.30pm
Donna Awatere Huata
In 'Māori Sovereignty', I addressed the question: what is the objective of the Māori struggle? After ten years of fury, banging up against wall-to-wall white power, a land march, occupations, arrests, submission writing, job loss, burn out and exhaustion, it seemed sensible to take stock. The answer lay in Article one of Te Tiriti o Waitangi where the rangatiratanga or sovereignty of the hapū would continue as it had for centuries. The establishment of the New Zealand Government by an act of the British parliament breached and continues to breach Te Tiriti o Waitangi.
In 'Revisiting Māori Sovereignty', Donna’s forthcoming book, I will look at why we should put this right and how we should go about it.
Free trade, racism and Te Tiriti
Saturday 19 March 4pm - 5pm
Professor Jane Kelsey
Colonisation was always about expanding imperial authority over resources that belonged to other peoples. Te Tiriti o Waitangi affirmed the power of rangatira to exercise absolutely authority, including the power to make treaties. The two were bound to conflict. This conflict took different forms during various era of colonisation and resistance in Aotearoa. Most recently a virulent form of neoliberal globalisation has boosted the power and profits of corporations, from mining to entertainment to finance to big tech, and heightened the inequalities of wealth and power built on that historical base.
The reassertion of tino rangatiratanga had fought back against those developments. One such example, the campaign against the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and pressure on the government to empower Māori to control their own resources and decide their own futures, is the focus of this presentation.
Challenging institutional racism: the work of Auckland Committee on Racism and Discrimination
Sunday 20 March 8.30am - 9.30am
In this presentation Oliver will share his story of anti-racism and equal justice activism. In 1971 the Nelson Māori Committee and the Nelson Race Relations Action Group uncovered appalling discrimination against Māori children by the police and the courts. In a paper presented to the New Zealand Race Relations Council in February 1973 the Nelson Group together with the Polynesian Panther Party and Ngā Tamatoa accused the judicial system of ‘institutional racism’. The term was rejected by white conservatives and liberals at the time but slowly gained traction as the Auckland Committee on Racism and Discrimination applied the analysis to all institutions in New Zealand, supporting the charge by Māori and Pasifika activist groups that New Zealand was a racist society.
Disrupting education: a whānau perspective
Sunday 20 March 9.30am-10.30am
Ann Milne MNZM, Keri Milne-Ihimaera
Two generations, mother and daughter, present Pākehā and Māori perspectives of the intergenerational loss and trauma caused by our education system from their experience of whānau and community. Their extensive professional work has been about challenging and changing that situation.
Hetaraka (2020) states that Māori cultural identity has almost always been sacrificed for academic achievement, because in current circumstances the two exist in juxtaposition to each other. This presentation will explore that truth. How can Pākehā educators change their practice? What choices do Māori whānau have? In an era of supposed educational change we cannot move forward by continuing to replicate what we have done in the past, no matter how many fancy names we dream up for practice that really isn’t all that different.
Lifting the veil of silence on racism within criminal justice
Sunday 20 March 11am - 12pm
Folasāitu Julia Ioane, Sir Kim Workman
The voices of Indigenous communities are silenced too often in our criminal justice system. However, it starts right from their involvement in care and protection to youth justice to criminal justice. This talanoa talks about the face of racism that can be ‘silent’ yet continues to traumatise many of our children, young people in care and often contributing to their pathway in the criminal justice system. The voices of whānau will be heard including Julia's own lived experience as a Samoan clinical psychologist and academic, and the racism that comes with those identities.
Julia will discuss the covert and silent racism that continues to seep through from our care to justice systems, and why we don’t do what it takes to lift this veil of silence.
Kim explores the history of racism within the criminal justice system from colonial times, and shares his own experiences from 1958 as a serving police officer, head of the prison service, service provider, and latterly as a justice advocate.
Representation, racism, power and mass communication
Sunday 20 March 1pm - 2pm
Carmen Parahi, Rawiri Taonui
Media can carry social power and influence for owners and leaders and may reflect and favour their worldviews over others if internal and external checks and balances are lacking. Unchecked media can cause harm to others by excluding the authentic voices of communities, stigmatising and marginalising people, surfacing prejudice, creating negative stereotypes and perpetuating racism.
The internet has amplified the issues around representation and power in mass communication with users being able to access all forms of digital communication. Algorithms delivering what readers have preferred to view in the past can play a role in amplifying misinformation and disinformation, increasing prejudice and creating conditions that increase inequality.
What does it all mean? How do people keep themselves informed but safe, too? What responsibility do media companies have to acknowledge and counter the prejudices that may lie within? What are some of the solutions?
The role of the union in anti-racism
Sunday 20 March 2.30pm - 3.30pm
Rachel MacIntosh, Janice Panoho, Paul Goulter
Systemic racism remains a major barrier for Māori. It manifest as fewer opportunities in education at mahi; discrimination in recruitment practices, unsafe work environments or ethnic wage inequities. A lifetime of poorer labour market outcomes means that some older Māori remain in mahi out of necessity. Some Māori groups experience persistent and intersecting barriers. These groups include wāhine, tāngata whaikaha, members of the LGBTQI+ and takatāpui community, and older Māori.
The union movement has historically made significant contributions to progressive social change in this country and around the world. They are the powerhouse behind the eight-hour working day, workplace health and safety and continue to champion parental leave and pay equity.
BUT what is the role of the public sector and private sector union movement in challenging racism and upholding Te Tiriti within the workplace, within the health, education and criminal justice systems and beyond? What are unions currently doing in this space? What is the potential of the union contribution in this space? Is Te Tiriti o Waitangi being embraced by unions and union delegates? What are the roles of Māori and Tauiwi in this space? How can we protect the special interests of casual migrant workers in the context of global capitalism? With so much happening at home what should be our contribution be to the global movement for racial justice? How do we protect those that speak up?
This fireside chat brings together union leaders to have a constructive free and frank conversation about where the union movement is at with these powerful questions. Bring your own questions to this interactive session.
The dark psychology of dehumanization and Islamophobia
Sunday 20 March 4pm - 5pm
Haroon Kasim, Ikhlaq Kashkari, Anjum Rahman
Social media platforms have become online hate factories that dehumanise fellow human beings, spread hate, prejudice, incitement to violence and atrocities against minorities and social discord.
In some countries more than three-quarters of the cases involving dehumanisation and hate speech target minorities, yet efforts to combat on-line hate speech seldom recognise dehumanisation and it contribution to social discord and violent extremism.
The consequences of the lack of effective legal and other responses by public authorities and social media platforms continue to be tragic to the point of being lethal, leading to massive atrocities and violations of human rights and the creation of conditions for potential conflict.
This highlights an urgent need for civil society and public authorities to recognise and effectively address the dangers posed by online dehumanisation and hate speech.
Racism in the health sector in Aotearoa - whose responsibility is it?
Monday 21 March 9am - 10am
Professor Papaarangi Reid, Professor David Tipene-Leach, Lady Tureiti Moxon
The health sector in Aotearoa continues to nurture profound ethnic health inequities and institutional racism in health policy and practice. We have seen perpetual reforms, tweaks and restructures in the last twenty years. In light of the recent damning Waitangi Tribunal stage one WAI 2575 report it is clear that power-sharing needs to occur if we are to uphold the responsibilities and commitments outlined in Te Tiriti of Waitangi and the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Will the current reforms deliver the transformation that needs to occur in this space? What needs to be in place for the Health Authority to succeed? What does mana motuhake look like in this space? Why is cultural safety still important? Do we need a revolution? Whose responsibility is it to sort this racism?
Indigeneity in tertiary education
Monday 21 March 12pm - 1pm
Te Kawehau Hoskins, Vanessa Lee-Ah Mat
Getting on with practicing indigeneity, Te Kawehau Hoskins:
I often think the project of ‘decolonsing’ is dominantly understood as forms of ‘critique’ framed within particular ways of thinking about power, social identities and relations. Though important to struggles for recognition, such decolonising approaches alone can also maintain our (indigenous) identification with colonizing logics and can separate us from our powers. Those unique, always relational ways of being and doing in the world - from which Indigenous practices in education and beyond can flourish.
Sovereignty, governance and indigeneity, Vanessa Lee-Ah Mat:
All too often we hear the word sovereignty, or its intention, thrown around in policy like a loose rag in the ocean with no consideration for the process that needs to be appropriately adopted to ensure Aboriginal-Torres-Strait-Islander people have control of their lives. Sovereignty aligns with governance and good governance aligns with integrity and when an institution publicly announces to ‘work in genuine partnership’ or to have ‘developed in partnership’ or ‘will be delivered in partnership’ etc. the public roll their eyes. The question is: do these institutions know the meaning of their words, is it another ‘tick-a-box’ exercise as they have no desire to relinquish power and control to an Indigenous population? Or is it just fear? The excuse is often “it has to be within the guidelines of the institution” while they blatantly ignore the guidelines of an age-old culture defined by the construct of an ancient social system.
Ki te ao marama – the promise of Aotearoa New Zealand’s Maori health authority
Monday 21 March 7pm - 8pm
Sharon Shea and Tipa Mahuta
Aotearoa, New Zealand’s health and disability system has not delivered te Tiriti-inspired, and equitable outcomes to, with and for Māori. Some gains have been made, but they are not systemic or consistent. The establishment of the Māori Health Authority is a response to successive failures of the system and a growing call by Māori and others, for the system to fulfil the promise of te Tiriti.
This is the first time in our history that an entity like the MHA has been established, and there are already calls for a similar entity in the fields of education, social services and other. There are significant expectations on the Authority to make a difference and to do it quickly. This presentation will outline why the MHA was established, its role, where it is headed, its levers for change, and its priorities which include tackling bias, discrimination and racism.
Government sanctioned racism: the impact and legacy of the dawn raids
Tuesday 22 March 9am - 10am
Professor Damon Salesa, Joris de Bres , Jemaima Tiatia
Pacific people were welcomed to Aotearoa in the 1950s and 1960s to relieve a huge labour shortage. With rising unemployment in the 1970s and 1980s in a government turnaround they were targeted by a crackdown on Pacific overstayers called the dawn raids.
These operations involved police squads conducting raids on the homes and workplaces throughout Aotearoa usually at dawn. Overstayers and their families were often prosecuted and then deported. Although Pacific Islanders only made up one-third of all overstayers, they accounted for 86% of those arrested and prosecuted. The majority of overstayers were from Great Britain, South Africa and the United States.
Perspectives on power, change, and the State for Chinese in Aotearoa
Tuesday 22 March 12pm - 1pm
Bev Tso Hong, Kirsten Wong, Tze Ming Mok, Mengzhu Fu
How have Chinese in Aotearoa supported tino rangatiratanga and their own self-determination? We explore the pathways trod so far, the current day implications for our communities, and visions of where this may lead for a different kind of equitable, cohesive and Tiriti-based society.
Gender and decolonisation in Africa
Tuesday 22 March 7pm - 8pm
Professor Elelwani Ramugondo, Professor Eddah Mutua
Rural Women Decolonizing Knowledge: The Case of the Green Belt Movement in Kenya, Edduh Mutua:
Wangari Maathai’s reference to Kenya’s rural women as “foresters without a diploma” challenges the Western and modern scientific “systemic sidelining of knowledge from Africa”. In this presentation, I will use Maathai’s rhetoric to illustrate ways that the Green Belt Movement became a site for transformative legacy of rural women as custodians of local knowledge.
Centring African languages to decolonise curricula in health sciences, Professor Elelwani Ramugondo:
Whereas both IsiXhosa and Afrikaans have long been part of undergraduate learning and teaching in Health Sciences degrees at the University of Cape Town, the teaching of IsiXhosa has been found to be inadequate (Tyam, 2016). Furthermore, both at University of Cape Town and within academia broadly, there has never been a focus on African languages as cultural capital for learning within professional health sciences degrees, as legitimate tools for scholarship and scientific research, and a resource for communication on health matters. Black students and staff often feel disconnected from their communities as they progress in the academy. Upward mobility often means lesser use of African languages and the ability to link acquired disciplinary knowledge with communities. Meaningful decolonisation of curricula requires direct engagement with communities based on issues that concern them. I hope to share our story of a project based at University of Cape Town, focussed on centring African languages to decolonise curricula.
Two perspectives on the essentials of a national anti-racism plan
Wednesday 23 March 9am - 10am
Professor Kevin Dunn, Meng Foon
Online racism can intimidate, injure, degrade belonging and undermine social cohesion. National anti-racism plans and action need to operate in this online space. Action plans are poorly developed for online anti-racism, and research in this area is under-developed. Our paper reviews online anti-racism interventions in Australia using analysis of case studies and novel empirical research to illuminate the ingredients for effective, safe and efficient online anti-racism interventions.
There are virtuous effects from online anti-racism for targets and anti-racist activists, and we provide detail on the diversity of mechanisms for reporting online racism, resources, narratives and strategies for safely and effectively responding to online racism, and we review how best to support people who are affected by online racism. More than eight in ten Australians are active on social media, and youth are the most prolific internet users. Changing norms and expectations of cross cultural relations online will have a substantial and lasting benefit for culturally diverse societies.
I will talk about the New Zealand National Action Plan Against Racism, which is led by the Ministry of Justice. The Human Rights Commission has the task of asking iwi and civil society to contribute to the National Action Plan Against Racism. From the feedback it looks like the National Action Plan Against Racism will be in 3 parts:
1 . Constitution change to better align with Te Tiriti o Waitangi
2. Action plan that all firms – public, private and NGO’s can take on board
3. Justice and reconciliation
I believe that that National Action Plan Against Racism is an investment in our communities and organisations. We know the saying that “Culture eats Strategy for breakfast.” I know that by eliminating racism it will help Aotearoa to do better, by creating harmonious communities, more innovation and ideas and more profit if that is the only thing you’re looking for. I’m hoping the Government will adopt the National Action Plan Against Racism in 2022. The government needs to ensure that the implementation is financially sustainable including monitoring and evaluation.
Using United Nations human rights system to disrupt racism
Wednesday 23rd March 12pm - 1pm
The information-rich interactive presentation focuses on how civil society actors can engage with the United Nations human rights system, particularly the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), to advance their national advocacy and campaigns against racism. The session will draw on Daisuke's considerable experience supporting racial justice advocates from around the world on the ground at the United Nations human rights meetings in Geneva, Switzerland.
Daisuke is part of the International Movement Against All Forms of Discrimination and Racism. He has been privileged to support activists across every corner of the globe – from Africa to Europe, Asia, the Americas and the Pacific - to use human rights bodies to advance their advocacy goals. He has practical insights about how to influence and be effective within this global advocacy stage.
Indigenous children in state custody
Wednesday 23 March 7pm - 8pm
Aaron Smale, Jean Te Huia, Professor Thalia Anthony
Canada, United States of America, Australia, and Aotearoa New Zealand have several factors in common. We all have a population of Indigenous peoples who are marginalised, exploited and ignored. We were all colonised by the British. As indigenous peoples we have all suffered the same fates and bear the same scars. Our traditional languages, family structures and cultural and religious beliefs have been, and continue to be deliberately eroded. Traditional birthing, health and wellbeing structures were attacked, destroyed, and renamed. Our children continue to be the subject of ongoing colonial policy that has become a multi-billion dollar growth industry in each country, for non-indigenous peoples and ensures intergenerational trauma for indigenous populations, which is ongoing, even today.
Colonial constructs of Indigenous children and families pervade the practices of child protection and detention intuitions. We argue that such constructs inform a carceral logic that underpin the state’s interventions across the settler colonies of Aotearoa, Australia, the US and Canada. This contributes to high levels of child removals from families in the child protection system and the incarceration of Indigenous children in youth detention. We call for a radical response that decolonises the deficit discourses towards Indigenous children and displaces state institutions with self-determination and sovereignty.
Occupation at Ahipara: Local hapū takes on local council
Thursday 24 March 9am-10am
Haami Piriri, Tui Qauqau Te Paa
History has shown a pattern of skulduggery around the purchase of land by government and settlers throughout the colonisation of Aotearoa. This “skulduggery” continues today under the pretence of sub-divisions and resource consents that exclude Māori from consultation processes.
Councils’ plans and frameworks are full of rhetoric about being good treaty partners, understanding Treaty rights and working together… these words only adorn the pages of these plans and higher-level government documents with superficial substance.
Putting action to these “Council and government documents” is what the hapū of Ahipara are striving to achieve. Whānau have been occupying whenua in Ahipara for 126 days. The whenua is known as Morangai/Moringai. This land was sub-divided and Clough and Associates Archaeological Report, 2004 clearly identified the pā site as a place of recognised cultural significance. Environmental Court, Judge Newhook re-issued consent with conditions in 2005, also clearly identifying areas of cultural significance and gave clear directives on how the developer should proceed within these areas. To the dismay of whānau the directives and conditions were not monitored by Council leading to breaches that have never been addressed.
Our tūpuna declared this place to be tapu in nature and of deep cultural significance, but their objections were ignored beginning in 1868 and continuing to the present day. The iwi considers this wāhi tapu to have been desecrated and conditions in the consent have not been followed. This webinar tells the story of the current Ahipara occupation, the quest for the return of the whenua and the failure of promised government protections.
An Indigenous perspective on modernity and decolonial futures
Thursday 24th March 12pm - 1pm
Professor Yin Paradies
In our world of fake news, ever increasing disparities and technological progress, it is vital that we interrogate the largely unquestioned aspects of modernity that have brought us to the brink of extinction. In this fireside chat, I argue that the unsustainable devastations of contemporary culture have left only radical futures ahead of us. I suggest that we relinquish debt, property, institutions and nation states on a path towards decoloniality that includes land-based re-localisation, revitalised communalism and embodied kinship with all life. This will necessitate an Indigenisation in which we, collectively embrace fundamentally transformed relationships of mutuality to bring about flourishing egalitarian societies.
Racism and the neoliberal academy: towards an academic manifesto
Thursday 24 March 7pm - 8pm
Professor Camille Nakhid, Sereana Naepi, Professor Mohan Dutta
Professor Jarrod Haar
In this question and answer session we consider how racism manifests in the neoliberal environment of settler universities and how scholars who operate in the margins and peripheries of those institutions might disrupt, unsettle or trouble the centres of power, privilege and influence that regulate and monitor everyday academic life. We draw on our experiences to examine the consequences of disrupting and exposing embedded racism and microaggressions and to determine how we can dismantle the exisiting organisation of knowledge and control in higher education to rebuild one forged from principles of equity.
From a treaty claim, the Māori Language Act; from the review, a new partner called Te Mātāwai
Friday 25 March 9am - 10am
Reikura Kahi, Ria Tomoana, Poia Rewi
In the mid 1900s, the demise of Māori language and culture became very salient and the response was the renaissance period which would span through to 2022 and probably beyond. The Māori language was pivotal to Māori in reclaiming ones identity which would see a number of social, cultural, economical, institutional and legislative changes launched off the Māori Language Petition 1972, starting with the Māori Language Act 1986, the Māori Language Commission 1987, the review of the Māori language sector 2011, a review of the Māori Language Act in 2014 assented in 2016, a national Māori language language strategy (Te Whare o te Reo Mauriora) and Te Mātāwai in 2017, and another review of the Act in 2021.
Through the years, the terms treaty, partnership, collaboration and equity have become common utterances between Māori and the Crown. This presentation provides an insight of Te Mātāwai experience in the five year period it has been in existence to ‘act on behalf of iwi and Māori’ for the revitalisation of the Māori language. Where does the partnership work and where does it not?
This session will be conducted in Te Reo Māori
The story of the Women’s Anti Racism Action Group (W.A.R.A.G) 1982 – 1985.
Friday 25 March 12pm - 1pm
Lainey Cowan, Tanya Cumberland, Heather McDowell, Anne Ruck, Allyson Davys
Members of the Women’s Anti Racism Action Group were feminist women staff members working in the Department of Social Welfare Auckland, Aotearoa/New Zealand. Department of Social Welfare was the then central government agency with responsibility for income support and child welfare.
We will tell the story of why we formed, describe the context of the time, how we developed as a group, why we published the report “Institutional Racism-DSW Tāmaki Makaurau” (1984) and what it covered.
We will consider the impact of our work within the institution of Department of Social Welfare and beyond, the personal impact on our individual members, and also what we have learned from our experience of trying to change an institution from the inside.
You can read the report here: https://trc.org.nz/sites/trc.org.nz/files/Institutional%20Racism%20WARAG.pdf
Art and Activism - One of the same
Friday 25 March 7pm - 8pm
Dianne Jones, Linda Munn, Tāwera Ngaronoa Tahuri
As indigenous women artists Dianne, Linda and Tāwera will discuss their notions of art as activism. Some of the topics explored in this session will include aboriginal and indigenous perspectives within the arts, truths and untruths, popular nationhood ideologies and the way in which art practice can reinforce principles of tino rangatiratanga and the sovereignty of Native nations. Tāwera will discuss the Seventh Generation Fund for Indigenous Peoples that emerged from Indigenous communities during the cultural, social, and political renaissance era of the ’60s and ’70s. Becoming a good ancestor should be, if not already, at the forefront of every indigenous native mind in the world. We can do this by thriving and not just surviving!
The struggle for Māori wards in local government
Saturday 26 March 8.30am - 9.30am
Colleen Tuuta, Professor Meihana Durie
Meihana and Colleen share their experiences of the fight for Māori wards in the Manawatū and Taranaki.
This presentation will provide an insight into the experiences of Te Kōtui Reo, a collective of twelve Marae from across the wider Manawatū Rohe, in seeking to successfully reverse a vote against the establishment of a Māori Ward in the local body council. It will also examine the ways in which the Te Kōtui Reo movement reaffirmed the criticality of whanaungatanga, whakapapa and kotahitanga in the face of opposition and challenges to the roles of tangata whenua and as a platform for anti-racism priorities to be advanced.
Colleen sat at the New Plymouth District Council table for approximately seven years as the iwi representative of Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Mutunga. Colleen was there when the then Mayor Andrew Judd has his epiphany, she was there when he left, she was there for the next 'merry-go-round' of the Māori Ward when it came around six years later - as we knew it would. So what happened? and who cares? For the record Colleen is not a fan of the racist Ward legislation.
Te Tiriti o Waitangi and governance
Saturday 26 March 9.30am - 10.30am
Kate McKegg, Tama Davis
In this ‘Fireside chat’, Kate McKegg and Tama Davis will talk with each other about what anti racism praxis looks like when we start from a Te Ao Māori perspective. We will traverse historical injustice, generosity and legacies unknown to Pākeha. We’ll chat about partnership practices that resemble abuse at one end of the spectrum - to love in an offhand way. We’ll talk about the challenge of iwi capacity and capability to fulfill partnership expectations, and the types of compromises iwi have made and continue to make in the pursuit of equity. And finally we’ll talk about reframing how we think about investing in the future with some thoughts about the types of things that should be valued and exchanged.
Critical Tiriti analysis: a mechanism for monitoring the Crown
Saturday 26 March 11am - 12pm
Professor Tim McCreanor, Professor Dominic O'Sullivan, Heather Came, Jacquie Kidd
Professor Judith MacAra-Couper
The Crown has a long history of directly and indirectly breaching Te Tiriti o Waitangi.
In 2020 Māori and non-Māori scholars developed Critical Tiriti Analysis to assess policy compliance with Te Tiriti. Critical Tiriti Analysis reviews documents against five elements of Te Tiriti – preamble, three written articles and oral article. The process requires orientation to the document; closer examination against the elements; determination against set indicators; suggestions to improve policy; and Māori final assessment.
Critical Tiriti Analysis has been utilised by activists, policy-makers, scholars, and several Crown agencies to inform policy development, evaluation and planning strategies. Public training sessions on Critical Tiriti Analysis are being regularly sold-out. We believe Critical Tiriti Analysis provides direction to practitioners wanting to address social and health inequities and ensure Indigenous engagement, leadership and substantive authority in policy/planning/evaluation processes. It is simple to use and inherently a tool for advancing social justice.
The Treaty of Waitangi (the English version)
Saturday 26 March 2.30pm - 3.30pm
Professor David Williams
In this talk, Ned Fletcher addresses the meaning of the English text or draft of Te Tiriti o Waitangi to those who had a hand in framing it. He argues that the English and Māori texts of the Treaty reconcile. The purpose of British intervention in New Zealand in 1840 was to establish government over British settlers, for the protection of Māori. British settlement was to be promoted only to the extent that Māori protection was not compromised. Māori tribal government and custom were to be maintained. There was to be plurality in government and law. Māori were recognised as full owners of their lands according to custom.
The principles of the Treaty: debates and legacies
Saturday 26 March 4pm - 5pm
Professor Janine Hayward
Professor Keith Tudor
The principles of the Treaty of Waitangi were first introduced to New Zealand legislation in 1975. Today, many laws refer to the principles. They are a guide for the Waitangi Tribunal and the courts to consider the Crown and other decision-makers’ actions in relation to a range of Treaty issues. But since they were first introduced, the Treaty principles have attracted debate and sparked controversy. Some people think they dilute the meaning and application of the text of Te Tiriti which provides clear guidance for decision-makers. Others think the principles are too vague and stretch the contemporary application of the Treaty too far. This discussion reflects on the legacy of the Treaty principles and what purpose they might play in the future for Aotearoa New Zealand.
Manufactured disorder: the racist consequences of parking tickets issued in error
Sunday 27 March 8.30am - 9.30am
“Manufactured Disorder” is a case study of Chicago that centers parking tickets written under false pretenses. Much of the work on monetary sanctions details the relationship between levels of fines and fees, on one hand, and a culture of punishment, on the other. As important as these inquiries are, a question they leave unexplored is whether the punishments they quantify were the result of legitimate infractions. The common data practice of accepting crime numbers as a given creates an intellectual interdependency between researchers and the state, where the latter’s definition of the situation is laundered through interpretations offered by the former. “Manufactured Disorder” returns to the category of crime to trouble what it marks and who is marked by the consequences of these policing processes. The project outlines an alternative episteme for the study of fines and fees.
Championing native children from Canada
Sunday 27 March 9.30am - 10.30am
Professor Cindy Blackstock
This presentation shares the story of how children joined the Caring Society and the Assembly of First Nations as active human rights defenders in a landmark human rights legal case against the Canadian government to fix discriminatory shortfalls in First Nations children's public services dating back to Confederation. The combination of litigation and a child centred social movement has resulted in First Nations children and families receiving millions of services that they would otherwise have been denied. While Canada continues to resist and litigate, it is clear that this generation of children have not normalized the colonial discrimination and will not support any government that puts up with it.
Interventions to mitigate, resist, or undo structural racism
Sunday 27 March 11am - 12pm
Professor Derek Griffith, Chandra Ford
Professor Jennifer Curtin
Interventions to mitigate, resist, or undo structural racism
Structural racism has been defined as the totality of ways that societies foster racial discrimination through mutually reinforcing systems and sectors of society. Because this term encompasses consideration of cultural norms and practices, racism within institutions, and racism across sectors and institutions, it is often difficult to know how and where to intervene. In this presentation, I describe three types of interventions that are necessary in the movement to eliminate structural racism. While the ultimate goal is to eliminate structural racism and its effects on and across systems and sectors, we have to find ways to help people manage unhealthy and stressful contexts and build capacity within communities from a strengths-based approach in the meantime.
- Professor Derek Griffith
Racialization and Health in the early 21st Century
Though the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has declared racism a public health problem, it has not provided researchers and health equity advocates with concrete guidance on how to address it. The nature and impact of racism change over time; therefore, any such guidance must reflect the ways racism operates in the early 21st century. In the US, (1) overt forms of racism (e.g., neo-Nazis) co-exist with and are enabled by less perceptible structural forms of racism; (2) domestic and global demographic shifts are underway and are linked to historical injustices; (3) the meaning, content and structure of racial and ethnic categories are changing; and, at the same time, (4) robust bodies of knowledge on racialization are expanding. This presentation draws on Public Health Critical Race Praxis, which is rooted in Critical Race Theory, to discuss the health implications of racism in the early 21st century.
- Chandra Ford
Reflections on 500 years of invasion, occupation and resistance in the Americas
Sunday 27 March 1pm - 2pm
Presenter will draw upon USA Federal Indian Policy periods as well as personal and professional experiences navigating the policies that have been created and that American Indians/Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians have encountered in their quest for self-determination and self-governance, which was based on a government-to-government relationship with the United States government, and treaties and executive orders.
Nurturing wairua: anchoring activism in place
Sunday 27 March 2.30pm - 3.30pm
Emalani Case, Lewis Williams
In this fireside chat, Lewis Williams and Emalani Case will talk about Indigenous activism in place. Using their own lives and experiences in various locations—both having lived away from their Indigenous homelands—they will reflect on positionality and about what it means to protect their worlds while at home and while away from home. Drawing on practice-focused work and research that is intimately tied to community and focused on Indigenous resilience and persistence, they will come together to discuss how maintaining connection and nurturing wairua is the anchor for protective and political action for the planet.
A conversation with Professor Linda Tuhiwai Smith
Sunday 27 March 4pm - 5pm
Professor Linda Tuhiwai Smith
Krystal Te Rina Warren
Prof Linda Tuhiwai Smith is a scholarly rangatira. Her best-selling book Decolonising Methodologies is compulsory reading for anyone interested in research and/or decolonisation. She was a member of Māori activist group Ngā Tamatoa back in the day and has remained at the scholarly front-lines championing Māori and Indigenous education. Linda has shaped the way many of us think and talk about research and/or decolonisation. #Decol2022 are delighted to be able to host this informal fireside chat and question and answer session with Prof Linda.
Kei te mura o te ahi: Marathon for racial justice, Powered by PechaKucha
Monday 28 March, exact time TBC
The last day of Te Tiriti-Based Futures and Anti-Racism, will be a marathon for racial justice of short interactive PechaKucha presentations from emerging scholars – current students and recent graduates. At least ten hours of 40 presentations discussing decolonisation, anti-racism and Te Tiriti justice will be on offer.
We have abstracts from around the world including South Africa, United Kingdom, Denmark, North America as well as scholars from Aotearoa – tangata whenua and tangata Tiriti. You can view some of the abstracts already accepted here https://www.tiritibasedfutures.info/keimuraiteahipechakucha
A final programme and registration link will be sent out when finalised but mark Monday 28th March in your calendar – it’s going to be epic!
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